The Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK – TürkStat) has presented the seasonally adjusted consumer confidence index for May 2020 as 59.5 points, an increase of 8.5% on the 54.9 points recorded in the previous month. The increase in the index is no doubt reflected by the expectation that Turkey would be relaxing its restrictions on the movement of the population in the coming weeks. Many citizens have been unable to earn a living during the past couple of months, and hope that their situation will improve has naturally resulted in an increase in confidence.
The biggest increase was in savings expectations, with the confidence sub-index rising 18%. Despite this increase, the probability of savings sub-index remains at ony 21.7 points due to the low propensity of the Turkish population towards savings in general. The economic sub-indices rose over 9% as a result of expectations of renewed economic income following the coronavirus pandemic.
The consumer confidence’s sub-indices were as follows :
- The probability of savings index increased by 18% to 21.7 points in May 2020 compared with the previous month.
- The general economic situation expectation index increased by 9.5% to 81.8 points in May 2020, compared with the previous month.
- The financial situation expectation of households index increased by 9.3% to 79.2 points in May 2020, compared with the previous month. .
- The number of people unemployed expectation index increased by 2.9% to 55.3 points in May 2020, compared with the previous month.
The above indices reflect expectations over the next 12 months.
Turkey’s seasonally adjusted consumer confidence index fell from 72 points in January 2018 to 58.7 points in December 2018. During 2019, the index remained comparatively steady, with the highest figure being 63.5 points in April 2019 and the lowest figure being 55.3 in May 2019. In December 2019 the index was 58.8 points.
In Turkey, the Consumer Confidence Index survey aims to measure present situation assessments and future period expectations of consumers' on personal financial standing and general economic course and to determine consumers' expenditure and saving tendencies in the near future. The survey covers a randomly selected sample of all individuals at the age of 15 and above having a job in urban and rural areas. The index is evaluated between 0 and 200. The reading above 100 means consumers are optimistic and below 100 are pessimistic.
The current level of confidence reflects a pessimistic outlook by consumers and would need to rise above 100 to indicate optimism. The index is considered an important gauge of the overall health of the economy in that it assesses the confidence of people to spend money, which in turn is an indication of the vitality of the economy.